• Some of the earliest hospitals were founded by Muslims.
  • The first psych. Hospital was a Muslim hospital.
  • Egalitarian:
    • Served people of all color, religion or background.
  • Design:
    • Separate wards for men and women.
    • Inner courtyard with gardens.
  • Use of music.
  • Most were teaching institutions.
  • State funded: Caliphs would compete with each other in building the most lavish hospital
  • Charity by endowment: Waqf
  • Non profit
  • A Well Known Hospital:
    • Al-Adudi hospital (981 AD)
    • 24 consultants
    • Trainees